Pharaonic forensics: What killed Tutankhamun?
来源：未知 作者：莘锦 时间：2019-03-01 09:10:06
By Jo Marchant Broken bones, explosive embalming and a missing heart: the mysterious death of Egypt’s boy king is the ultimate cold case – and it’s far from closed THE autopsy was brutal. Once the mummy’s decayed wrappings were removed, his neck was severed, his body cut in two and his limbs separated at almost every joint. Bracelets were pulled from his arms and a golden mask, stuck fast with resin, was prised from his face. His ears were destroyed, his penis broken off and a hole was punched through the bottom of his skull. When the team was done, they rearranged his fragmented skeleton in a tray of sand, wrapped it in cotton wool, and returned him to his tomb. Cause of death: unknown. Ever since King Tutankhamun was first unwrapped in November 1925, his fate has been one of the biggest mysteries in archaeology. Many ideas have been put forward, from birth defects to murder, but none has ever stood up to scrutiny. Now modern science is taking its turn. In 2005, Egyptian officials authorised a suite of tests on the mummy, including 3D X-rays and DNA analysis. These culminated in a report in 2010 that claimed to have finally established the cause of death: Tutankhamun was an inbred weakling who died of malaria. The announcement was met with loud and largely uncritical press coverage. Behind the scenes, however, the studies have sparked fierce arguments, with independent researchers warning that the conclusions are flawed and that alternative sources of evidence paint a very different picture. Tutankhamun came to the throne in 1333 BC,